Tuesday, June 12, 2012

WWII's massive effects and affection

   "In our seeking for economic and political progress, we all go up - or else we all go down." -Franklin D. Roosevelt. WWII was a brutal time, a time when people rebelled because of racism, imperialism, and advancement. Roosevelt stated, in succeeding our goals or dreams, those who follow will have the same fate of that who leads. The events before, during and after WWII all pertained towards leaders decisions, economic problems, geography, and transactions of events that lead towards war.

   As the ash rose and the scar of WWI became clear, many of the independent nations were greatly hurt or advanced. France and Great Britain both agreed to do something about Germany's power by creating the Treaty of Versailles, which regulated Germany's army size and power, money and trade and size of nation. This treaty affected other nations too like Austria-Hungary which separated both Austria and Hungary into independent nations), France receiving Alsace and Lorraine back from Germany and most nations except Russia (which becomes the Soviet Union when Lenin takes over) have been expanded or created. As all was said and done, Germany was going through a Great Depression from 1924-1929. unemployment rates sky rocketed to 4.38 million. Germany suffered harshly from the treaty, but the cause of the treaty made a great threat come to power. (Spielvogel) Hitler, became a racist and irrational person due to the assasination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand when he was in the German army work force. He presented towards Weimar Republic of his intelligence and passion of restoring Germany through welfare, one of the key things that caught the German people's ears. Because of the treaty of Versailles, Germany's economy, boundary, and power was incredibly low and sercumsized. To the German people, Hitler seemed to be the person that would free them from this harsh punishment. As Hitler was given power within his party in the Weimar Republic, he then justified that if we're to make our point and get anywhere in the world, we should build a better army and make our territory spread so that the perfect race has somewhere better to live. As he was in control, Hitler decided to create a treaty with Japan to ensure that Germany had backup. (Meier) This was also the case with Mussolini. As the depression caried through a short, but memorable time was a revolt that forever changed italy to become a facist nation. As Mussolini came to power, he joined the axis powers. Mussolini was going for the same goal, expanding to their former glory, they achieved such goal by conquering ethiopia. (Spartacus) On the western part of post war, america suffered greatly after WWI; In the 1920's, america was enduring one of its finest moments having an increase of material and wealth, until 1929, November 11 when the stock market crashed. This made a peak in unemployment rate, peak in homeless people and a major decrease in material value. Hoover villages were rising and many influential and/or moral ideals were popping up like the KKK, jazz, boom in immigration and huge discussions about evolution and other lesser problems. (Learn360 "Roaring Twenties") Japan, being on the other side of the planet right next to america, was one that shouldn't be excluded from WWII. Japan wanted china and was willing to go over war for it. They started the assault by attacking their own land, only by disguising their Japanese recruits as Chinese workers. They were sent to blow up their train station and from there Japan and China were in war (not exactly the best of ways, but smarter than just decreeing war for no aparant reason, besides that they wanted the land). The events, geographic boundaries, economic problems and governmental decisions all lead to WWII starting between France, Great Britain, Germany and Japan.

   Germany had a strong and aggressive moral; Nazism. Hitler proposed that their naval and air-force should not be limited by such treaty. Germany's army rose to 550,000 troops and had a stronger submarine approach towards their bays. France was greatly offended by such action, but did nothing. As all the improvements were made, Germany set its troops to the Rhineland, a set boundary that the Treaty of Versailles said that there couldn't be any German weapons within that land. France was extremely mad and wanted to go in war, but Great Britain said that "Germany was merely walking out into their backyard." (Learn360 "World War II") France backed down, giving Germany a perfect time to strike, but rather then striking France or any other ally, they wanted their land back from Czechoslovakia. Hitler "persuaded" Austria and Hungary to become its former glory of a huge nation. As Germany recruited Austria-Hungary, the nation wanted their land back from Czechoslovakia. Hitler demanded the Sudetenland from the Czechs; All allied nations came together at a conference and instead of objecting to such plan, they agreed upon it. As Germany obtained its Sudetenland, Hitler proposed that Germany should take it all. Germany did, and from there the allies finally reacted and made a plan upon it. Great Britain made a treaty with Poland to defend it in case of attack and both France and Great Britain knew that if they were going to have any chance with the axis powers, they would have to get Stalin's side and get help from Soviet Union, but they were too late. Before any ally, Hitler and Stalin signed a non aggressive act, which stated that Germany and Soviet Union will not attack each other. (Spielvogel) As all treaties and transactions were made, Germany attacked Poland with a blitzkrieg, abolishing most of the nation and expanding Germany's geographic boundary. Hitler was amazed by such progression and was greatly satisfied. He later conducted attacks on France, later winning him Paris, and Great Britain, sending people of Great Britain into bomb shelters and subway stations making Britain's finest moment. (Meier) Britain hurting badly from the war, pleaded that the U.S should join and save them. The U.S was going through its own problems, but president Franklin D. Roosevelt made acts and groups that helped america get out of its depression and into a better state of prosperity. The U.S didn't want to get involved in the war, but rather Roosevelt planned to "lend" their ships, arms and other warfare material to Great Britain; the congress rolled with it, but the American citizens thought other wise, saying something along the lines of, "it's their problem, not ours anymore," or, "We helped them out of WWI, why do we have to do it again?" (Learn360 "World War II") During this time, America was taking the resources (more importantly, OIL) from Japans colonies within their raid in China. Japan demanded that they wanted to exploit the resources from their raids. Through time, Japan sent a peace negotiator to america, but was quickly sent back a day later on December 7, 1941, when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. (Spielvogel) This changed America's thought of the war completely. Citizens of America quickly learned that this was happening to their Britain and French allies, and soon after Roosevelt sent the U.S army out towards Europe while also occupied with Japan. Later as Germany started raiding France, they then sent their army near the Soviet Border and made a frontal attack. This separated Russia and Germany and became once again enemies. Both Germany and Japan had a plan to invade Russia like Germany was in WWI, but Hitler's plan was shot down when the American troops invaded Germany, went in the heart land of Germany and demolished all concentration camps, setting all the Jews and other victims free. Japan didn't back down until both bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9 of 1945.

   All was thought to be done, but there was corrections that had to be made. America allowed women to be apart of the war effort by testing out planes or even flying targets for the troops to shoot. Russia had the same idea only allowing them to be apart of the metal working and tank making. after all efforts, they prevailed, but the war still left some scratches that needed to be bandaged up. America had Japanese Concentration camps, less violent then the German ones, but still wrong of america. The U.S was in war and preventing the concentration camps when they had one all along. The Japanese concentration camps didn't "really" mean to kill the Japanese, but just debunk their america citizenship. Roosevelt saw the error of ways and sent them free and granted their access to be an American citizen. In Germany, the Nazi regime slowly vanished and the German boundary was set back to its normal spot. Hitler's family wanted Albert Speer to be Governor and set all right again. He made feminist equalization and made Germany receive its material growth and giant boom in economy.

   Governmental decisions, economic problems, geographic boundaries and corresponding events were all apart of WWII and the times after and before. Those leaders made decisions that affected the nations economy, geography and current events; and each event did so to one another. Based off opinion, we can say who leaded towards glory or failure, but in war, sometimes it's hard to tell.

Works sited:

Meier, David A. "Adolf." Hitler's Rise to Power. N.p., 2000. Web. 11 June 2012. 

"Spartacus Educational." Spartacus Educational. Ed. Peter McMillan. Spartucus Educational, n.d. Web. 11 June 2012.

Spielvogel, Jackson J. World History: Modern Times. Columbus, OH: Glencoe, 2008. Print

Learn360. "The Roaring Twenties." Media Rich. 2007.  Learn360. 08 June 2012.

Learn360. " World War II - The Road to War." Media Rich. 2008. Learn360. 08 June 2012

Friday, June 1, 2012

WWI Independency

   Those who are independent can self sustain with out any need of outside sources or necessities. WWI, in comparison with an adult, is just as independent. Having a job that self supports that being, but like any nation or being there will always be other independent nations/beings that affect how they live. Both are so similar due to how they're both equally independent, but nations troubles took place on a bigger scale. WWI, before the war seemed just as chaotic as it was during the war; alliances and enemies were easily made and a lot of distribution was made. During WWI, there was battles that took place that broke up alliances, strengthen them, or brought new ones. When WWI was done, a need for new bonds and peace was necessary for some of those independent nations and others denied the idea.

   Before WWI, Germany knew that it had enemies on both it's east and west; Germany saw this as a major threat and decided to form the Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary (getting back up for Russia) and Italy (back up for France). France noticed this alliance as a threat and formed the Triple Entente with Russia and Great Britain (as a back up for any submarine warfare threat) (Spielvogel 522-523). As the alliances grew, Serbia wanted to be a Slavic state in the Balkans; however, this was something that Austria wanted to prevent from happening. They've sent Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the Austrian throne, who was suppose to form an alliance that strengthen their Triple Alliance and formed a Slavic kingdom that would help fight against Russia, but Gavrilo Princip who followed the orders of his association, the Black Hand; killed both Francis and his wife on there way towards the capital of Sarajevo. Austria-Hungary was very shocked by this and wanted to attack Serbia, but they feared that Russia would defend Serbia. So "Austria-Hungary asked-and received-the backing of their German allies." (Spielvogel 524). WWI started in July 28, when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.

   WWI (also know as the great war) was gruesome and dreadful for some countries. The Austrian army was focused on Serbia, the German on both sides (France and Russia), Britain focused on the German submarines, and Italy watching so vigorously. Italy was on the German side (Triple Alliance), until they moved towards the Triple Entente's side. Italy wasn't involved due to the government's stand and Mussolini's opinion of the war; "Down with the war. Down with arms and up with humanity" said by Mussolini. Soon, Mussolini had a change of mind said that this was "a great drama". Italy join and fought against Austria-Hungary. (HLC) Russia was hit hard during the middle of WWI; Russia fought back from the offensive German troops in the beginning of the war, but soon later, Russia was suffering from their own economy. The Russian economy was based on an industriousness standard when more than 80 percent of its population are in agricultural villages. This standard made prices for food and other products grow excessively to the point were the Russian Revolution have started. This caused Russia to grow weak and soon exit out of the war. When they exited the war, they signed a treaty with Germany that gave them 1/4 of their land, 1/4 of their tin and coal resources, and lost 1/2 of their population to the war. As the war goes on with Europe, the United States of America was dormant until the sinking of Lusitania.U.S.A was greatly offended and demanded an apology from Germany. They said they were sorry, but then continued sending and making Submarines. The U.S was greatly displeased by this and therefore signed a treaty with England that would make the U.S enter war within a time of need. (Learn) The U.S entered war when the Russians had exited. They patroled the scar that was on Euorpe and pushed the germans back in their own country. The U.S had 4 million soliders planned to be drafted, but only 1 million were before the word of surrender was recieved by the U.S.

   All was done and the sun finally rose. The war left many injured, good amounts dead, and left a scar for Europe to forever remember. After WWI was the time for new begginnings and the rise of the League of Nations. Woodrow Wilson, former president of United States, preposed that the U.S should join the League of Nations to bring peace among all nations (independent wise), but was rejected by his own nation. Europe took it up within a heart beat and thus created the League of Nations that was greatly used in Europe. (Townshend) The League of Nations was sucessful through making territorial disputes between Finland and Sweden, created new territories that seperate hated nations, and made new peace treaties that were more in the favor of those who wrote it. They failed to stop another revolution within Spain and failed within the prevention of great hatred.

   Thorugh all the chaos that goes on before, within, and after WWI leads into a much greater rise or fall. Those of different independent nations can lead others in the right way or even the wrong way. Such things within WWI can be compared to the lives of us. disputes happen all the time, fights happen, and peace has been established between one another.

   Works Sited :

Spielvogel, Jackson J. World History:Modern Times. Columbus, OH: Glencoe, 2008. Print.

HLC corp. "Italy and World War One." Italy and World War One. History Learning Site, 2012. Web. 24 May 2012.

Learn360. Distribution Access. 1998. 18 May 2012.

Townshend, Charles. "The League of Nations and the United Nations." BBC News. BBC. Web. 31 May 2012.

Tuesday, May 8, 2012

Philosophy assessment

  The challenge, change, and build of new concepts have been done numerous times, and more than likely, done by you. In history there have been people that rise to the challenge made by others that rose to other challenges. Those accepted the challenges rather gained recondition, praise or another person arguing about your theory or philosophy. Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, and Isaac have challenged the theory/philosophy of geocentric or heliocentric position. Many leaders, artist and writers also made the change that built on to the modern ways of the great land. Maria Theresa, Fredrick the Great [Fredrick II], Joseph II and Catherine the Great were major leaders during this time. Rulers were also inspired by writers like Henry Fielding and Denis Diderot.

The theory that the earth was the center of the universe was a geocentric philosophy made by Ptolemy. This philosopher and philosophe is famous because this is what started the new theory of which made new astronomers come in and clean the mess of each other, even though that mess was just their way of style. The astronomers all agreed that earth wasn't geocentric, but rather heliocentric. Copernicus was first to disprove the Ptolemy system by saying that the sun, in his system, was the center of the universe and earth revolved it rather than the earth being the center. He also did say that the moon revolved around the earth and that "the apparent movement of the sun around the earth was caused by the rotation of the earth on its axis and its journey around the sun," which explains why it gets hot, cold, and why the sun isn't out for long time when it's winter time. Kepler, a German mathematician, also did something to disprove the Ptolemy theory (with the inspiration of Copernicus). He used the astronomical data of planetary motion to confirm that his observations were right. Again proved that the earth was not geocentric and was actually heliocentric, but unlike Copernicus, he made laws. His first law stated how the planets' orbits were not circular, but more egg-shaped or elliptical. This challenged, and did by far succeed, at disproving Ptolemy's circular orbit and crystal-like spheres that never changed. (Spielvogel 304) The next astronomer was an Italian mathematician and made important discoveries with nothing, but a telescope and his own eyes. Galileo made discoveries such as the mountains on the earth's moon, The moons that were orbiting Saturn, brown splotches on the sun (sun spots), and (most important of all) he believed in a heliocentric universe. But the church saw his work as a change towards their religion and decided to throw him in a locked building until he said that his theories were lies. Galileo didn't believe that his work was lies and soon, he was released. Galileo was the only one persecuted by the christian church, because Copernicus hid his discoveries and didn't release them till death, and Kepler was in Germany were the church didn't have much control. The final Astronomer that challenged or changed the theories of the universe was Isaac Newton. He made changes to the orbit around the sun and suggested that it was an elliptical orbit rather than a circular orbit.

Rulers was of greater impact for some were absolute and were inspired by writers or other enlightened people or rather had a different source of power and lead these such believed philosophies. Maria Theresa was the first born and applied ruler and made countless reforms and never wavered her belief of the right of monarchs rule. She was what inspired Joseph II when he was in control. Joseph the II abolished serfdom and death penalty. He might have made some rash, grand reforms, but all of which were such drastic changes that lead most of Austria in blaze (the nobles controlling the serfs) or in confusion and lost (serfs or any other owned people). Frederick the first (wasn't inspired by Joseph II, but somewhat by Maria) was a great military leader and made the Austrian army double in size when in charge. Frederick II was a ruler that was very big in culture and art which was very big in Prussia. He was greatly inspired by other rulers to abolish serfdom and rigid social structures.

   Writers have great contributation towards the people and the enlightenment. One writer by the name of Denis Diderot, made great contributation towards the enlightenment for the ruler Catherine II. He gave her access to his library of which allowed a source of knowledge to enter Russia and make the enlightenment in russia stronger than before. Henry Fielding was another writer that gave inspiration towards those who don't have morals and survive by witts. He gives enlightenment through a sence of a perspective and by what anarchy is out in the world.

   These many people made changes upon the old ways and challenged each other to rather enlighten more or control more. All great enlightenist made great contributions to make the world that is today. without any thought of any wrongs within this time period, there would probably be no such freedom among man.


Spielvogel, Jackson J. World History: Modern Times. Columbus, OH: Glencoe, 2008. Print.
pg. 304-305, pg. 313+pg. 327, pg. 318-322, pg. 327

Industrial Revolution impact

When new changes upon the economic world, everything starts to rearrange and can put some people above others and some people below all. The Industrial Revolution when it began, many actions and processes were done to enhance some in one way and others in a different. The new Economic world brought new options or situations that they had to deal with. Introduction of new industries, new products, and socialism all were major events within both Industrial Revolutions that changed the daily lives of people when brought to them.

The introduction of new industries brought new problems of where the industries had fit and what would be done to those of lesser jobs or less incredibility. In the 18th century England, the government found out that the group of village farmers were lazy and had entitled land that crossed between each other. "The enclosure of common village fields into individual landholdings, or the division of unproductive land into private property was the first significant change to occur" (Thompson). As the enclosure movement limited there land with a fence, they only had three options; take some sort of transportation elsewhere, Get a job in the factories, or continue with the what land they had. For those that decided to work in factories expierenced a new environment where the air is more toxic and the ground is cement.

   When new products came through, it advanced the way they live for ever. When the light bulb was invented by Thomas Edison, it made it so workers can continue working in the time of night when visibility is limited. Another great invention was the steam engine, invented by James Watt, made it so transportation to other places was faster and easier. (Spielvogel) These inventions made the daily lives of those that could use'em much easier, but these inventions were ineffective towards those who were already hit by the enclosure or the rapid boom of competitive industries. The average class was greatly affected by this wave of change. As new policies arrived, changing ways of work or rather their job, people rather got pushed back or forward by this huge wave (Hobsbawn).

   The act of new concepts and ideals through the socialism of the industrial revolution borought on new patterns that changed the modern people in this time. In 1875, a new socialist group emerged called the Social Democratic Party (SDP) of which made new elected parliments take charge and make every thing easier for the working class. This made new reforms that made working classes happier and effiecient. (Spielvogel) As the population grew, so did the need of more jobs, more resources, and more need of transportation. The new socialism on the ever increasing middle class had a great impact and made the new ways of those who worked much easier. (Lipson)

   The new changes upon the modern people made both good and bad changes that can corilate with what's going on today. The new world introduced to the people made both challenges and advantages upon those of affect.

Sources sited
*Most sources are found on three different sites that are all particular sources by a Yale professors at this source*
Joseph A. Montagna. The Industrial Revolution.  

Dickinson, H. W. and Vowles, H. P. James Watt and the industrial Revolution. London: 
Longmans Green & Company, 1943.

Hobsbawn, E. J. Industry and Empire. New York: Random House, 1968.

Lipson, E. The Growth of English Society. London: A. and C.B1ack, 1959.

Spielvogel, Jackson J. World History: Modern Times. Columbus, OH: Glencoe, 2008. Print.

Tuesday, February 28, 2012

Economics of different empires

  The decision of one leader can affect the choices and life style of those who follow. This has always repeated itself through out history, whether it be in religion, groups, clubs, businesses, or empires. In every empire there has been a person above all others, whether they follow them or despise them, and people lower then them that follow or oppose. The empires off to the Eastern hemisphere from 1500's-1800's have always had a higher principle (ruler/dictator or president/higher in charge) that made decisions that molded the pathways of those followers and another pathway for the opposing. These pathways could have benefited or dampened the empire they're commanding and the separate pathway could lead the opposing towards or away from original want. The Ottoman empire and Mogul empire had these higher principles within their Muslim territories. The Japanese and Korean empires were also had higher principles that they dealt within their Asian society.
  The Muslim empires had great expand of empire and reign. The Ottoman empire started in turkey with their leader Osman I, when the Seljuk rule was coming to an end (Spielvogel). "Modern Turkey was only a part of the Empire, but so deep reaching was the impact of the Ottoman Empire that it became almost synonymous with Turkey" (Turkey). The Ottoman leader, Mehmed II, decided that he wanted to connect both his European and Asian parts of his domain, but the city Constantinople (or Istanbul today) was in their way (Spielvogel). By 1453, his army broke through their walls and seized the city and use their new connection for traders to go along, but be taxed in order to go through. His decision to attack Constantinople helped the empire by connecting both parts and gain money off of non-Muslim residents and traders boarding across. Ottomans were very accepting of other traders or religions (well...besides the taxing), but the Mogul empire had different principles of which they followed/denied. The Mogul empire, started with emperor Babur, which later was past to his son Akbar, began to fall into a mediocre system where the belief of "social evils" in India had to be stopped. They taxed non-Muslim people, and once Britain and France came, things became worse. The Moguls accepted the British at first, but when their rivals came (the French), they consolidate the British control and sized fort Williams in 1756. Because of this the British weren't accepted and neither any other traders were. They isolated themselves from European trade and slew any European that dare come by. The Ottomans establish greater control and reign over the different people, territories, and countries around them and were very acceptable, where the Mogul empire established a very rich culture due to their negligence towards the foreign countries that invaded.

  The Asian empires had established fair standards or rather had anarchy or orthodoxies crawling around their society. The Japanese empire, started by the first Daimyo: Oda Nobunaga, were in war with Korea and sent them into isolation of which made them their enemies with boundaries. Japan was later took over by the Edo Daimyo in 1598 after the death of Tokugawa Ieyasu. When the first European traders came in, which were the Portuguese, they accepted their trades and missionaries, but only at ports of japan and special times. The Edo also taxed rice farms, made monopolies off mining, and charges for borrowing off the merchants (Oishi). "The Japanese were fascinated by the tobacco, clocks, eyeglass, and such European goods" (Spielvogel). The Japanese also gained a mass production of firearms from the portuguese, of which boosted their strength and control over their empire. The Japanese made use of their trades and exclutivety of their ports and places. Korea was very open and accepted any other culture that wanted to come, until both Chinese and Japanese armies attacked korea. After the ivasions of both armies, korea isolated themselves from any other culture outside. Because of such isolation, Korea gains no other regional support or weight.

  Both Muslim and Asian empires had their decissions to accept or denie outside traders or religion. Their descision of whether they should accept or denie the outside countries made huge impacts on their culture and economy. The leaders lead their enemies behind or away and their followers for better or worse.


Sources sited (references):

 Turkey For You administration. "Ottoman empire." Turkey For You-Turkey Travel Guide. Web. December 8, 2009.

Oishi, Shinzaburo, Edo Jidai (The Edo Period), Chuko Shinsho no.476, 1977.

Tuesday, December 13, 2011

European Goals

Q: How did European leaders during the Age of Absolutism pursue their own interests while dealing with competition from others?

 All European leaders that had been in or apart of this absolutism age had goals that they had conflict with internal and outer competition. Many leaders had absolute power and still had competition with others: Philip II, Elizabeth I, Louis XIV, Charles I, and Henry have all faced competition that was not affected by their absolute power. These internal and external competition lead to conflict with their goals.

  Philip the II (seconded) was a perfect example of an absolute king that made some of his goals, just not his dream. He extended his reign and even accepted militant religions, the best example is Catholicism. This acceptance of militant religion made it so that all Muslims and Jews were converted or eradicated from the country. Philip's first goal was to consolidate the lands inherited from his father, which included the Netherlands, Italy and the Americas. As he sent his army to attack, he also wanted the Protestantism in England. He sent the Spanish armada of 132 ships to attack, but instead was destroyed by 34 ships and 163 armed merchant boats (Alchin, "king").

 Elizabeth I (first) was a fair absolute leader that established goals that would better England and her reign over the land. Elizabeth solved the religious problems within her nation caused by her Catholic half-sister (Alchin, "Queen"). She also had a goal to make Spain's and France's power not to overpower England's, by equalizing their power. She also supported weaker nations if one got to strong.

 Louis XIV (14th) was an absolute leader that made history as the "sun king." (229) His Internal conflicts were the economy, mostly inflation of silver, and much of religious problems. He solved these problems by completing Versailles. This palace was not only his palace, but it was also used as the head of economics, and the best "distraction" that was used to divert the people of their worries of such.

 Charles I (first) is the perfect example of a hated absolute leader and was DE-headed. Charles believed in the divine right of kings, of which made him chosen by god. His outside competition was the Church of England, and to make them Protestant (225). Of course, like all bad kings that don't fulfill their country's needs, then off with there head. He said that god would come first, instead of his nation, and insulted the house of commons.

 Henry of Navarre was the Huguenot's leader and one of France's greatest kings. He converted to Catholicism when he married Marguerite de Valois, believing that it might stop the fight of Huguenots and Catholics. The wedding caught the nobles attention, but it didn't reconcile both sides, instead it caused an even more massive split of hatred of Huguenots and Catholics (Chris). He then converted back after leaving paris.

 Many leaders made great goals that did or didn't get achieved in the end. There were many internal and external competition that not even absolute power could help with.

Alchin, L.K. "King Phillip II of Spain". The Elizabethian Era.org.uk. Web. March 20, 2008.
Alchin, L.K. "Queen Elizabeth I". The Elizabethian Era.org.uk. Web. March 20, 2008.
Spielvogel, Jackson J. The World History: Modern Times.Columbus, OH: Glencoe, 2008.
Chris Trueman. "Henry IV". Historylearningsite.co.uk. Web. 2000-2011. Loughborough University.

Tuesday, November 29, 2011

Exploration and trade Q 'n' A

  There were tons of cost and benefits that afflicted the European nations as they attempted to create new trade routes. Ever since the two cities in Italy had an infestation  and disease problems that triggered the renaissance, the Europeans had to create new trade routes to meet the need of people in this major time of impact. There were many people that lead the way and created the new trade routes that gave many benefits, but most of these routes had costs. The European trade routes were mostly headed west and southwest, thinking that they would arrive in china/spice islands, but instead found new land and made trade with the discoveries they found.
  The Europeans that influenced the attempt of creating new trades was Marco and Polo and they influenced the Europeans by making a book of their journey called "The Travels" on the silk road and the things that happened there (Alchin). Another motive that inspired Europeans to attempt creation of new trade was the phrase "God, Gold, Glory", of which inspired the work of merchants and explorers (195). These motives made it so that it would give explorers and traders confidence and made them work through even worse conditions that normally would fit them. Another influential concept that made the Europeans establish trade routes was due to the fact that many other major trade routes were being devastated, including the silk road being destroyed by the downfall of the Mongolia empire and the Italic cities of which was their import of supplies was destroyed due to vermin.
  Europeans made major attempts at making trade, and the most remembered Spanish/European trader (Christopher Columbus, 1492) made an attempt to go from Europe to china (thinking that the world was just the "eastern hemisphere"), instead found the new land and natives their. they established the Colombian Exchange were they gave the natives food and medical supplies, and in return, they exchanged valued goods and valuables that were of greater trade (Rayment). Traders benefited the European capitals, but they lacked one thing that was a major cost of time and money, which was the amount of workers and sometimes even food. Bartolomeu Dias found Africa and the natives their. What he did was he took the indigenous people their and tended them as slaves. He sold them more towards the new world and made a very favorable balance of trade (McClane High School). Slaves benefited the new world, but did indeed costs something. As trade was going on and more exports of items for better trade was being imported in, there were numerous other costs that involved the travel. Europeans invented new technology to cut down the size of cost that it would be for travel. Major costs involve the travel, time, food, fair trade supplies, systems of routes, exploration and mapping, and people and work efforts. What really mattered was what this benefited for the Europeans and what came out. The benefits are that they get a more favorable balance of trade that boost their status economy wise, they can gain more power through abundance, and have more valuable supplies to gain more needed supplies to out last events including the renaissance.

Rayment, W.J. “The Age of Exploration.” In-depth Info.com. 2011. Web.  November 21, 2011.
“Age of Exploration and Isolation, 1400-1800.” McClane High School. Web. November 21, 2011.
Alchin, L.K. "Marco Polo." The Middle Ages Website. July 16, 2006. Web. November 15, 2011.
Spielvogel, Jackson J. World History: Modern Times. Columbus, OH: Glencoe, 2008.